A copy of the license is included in the section entitled gnu free documentation license. Dichrostachys cinerea is a semideciduous to deciduous tree characterized by bark on young branches, dark greybrown fissures on older branches and stems and smooth on the spines. The pods of many woody plants form an important part of the diet of livestock during the dry season due to their high nutritive value. Minimal water and sunlight is needed for this shrub. This file is licensed under the creative commons attributionshare alike 3. Article views are the countercompliant sum of full text article downloads since november 2008 both pdf and html across all institutions and individuals. Dichrostachys cinerea pdf sicklebush dichrostachys cinerea l. The plant has different coloured bisexual, regular flowers in spikes. Material and methods the methanolic extract of dichrostachys cinerea mimoseae leaves was subjected to evaluation of acute toxicity and hepatoprotective property, using albino mice and rats. Seed structure and germination of dichrostachys cinerea core. Seed structure and germination of dichrostachys cinerea w. Research article open access dichrostachys cinerea l. Pdf meroterpenes from dichrostachys cinerea inhibit. They typically grow up to 7 metres 23 ft in height and have strong alternate thorns, generally up to 8 cm 3.
Comparison of growth rings of dichrostachys cinerea and. Dichrostachys cinerea and acacia nilotica fruits as dry season feed supplements for goats in a semiarid environment. Dichrostachys cinerea is a semideciduous to deciduous shrub or low tree, characterised by bipinnate compound leaves, bicoloured flowers, yellowbrown, narrow pods, and strong, alternate thorns sanbi, 2011. It has at times been treated as several distinct species, as is evident by the number of synonyms attributed to it. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Woody species composition and structure in a semi arid. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. Dichrostachys cinerea is a thorny, fastgrowing woody bush or treelet which invades fields, wasteland, road sides and other disturbed areas.
Structural changes on charring woods of dichrostachys and. In present study, it was aimed to test the hepatoprotective activity of the plant. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. C, benzene, chloroform,ethanol and water by using soxhlet apparatus. The mixture of soil for optimum growth is 1 part soil course sand or soil and 3 parts compost. The pods are very nutritious to animals and are eaten by stock and game, including monkeys, rhinoceros and bushpigs. Antiinfective assessment of dichrostachys cinerea root bark, an. The preferential and extensive browsing of this indehiscent legume is apparently not due to any exceptional nutritive value of the pods and seeds. Mimosoideae is a major contributor to the bush encroachment problem in mkuzi game reserve. Dichrostachys cinerea marabou, marabouthorn, sickle bush. Volume 122, issues 12, 19 august 2005, pages 149157. Eighteen new meroterpene derivatives, dichrostachines a. The medicinal plant with scientific name dichrostachys glomerata in some botanical documents the scientific name is dichrostachys cinerea, name in french mimosa clochette, famille botanical mimosacea, tropical plant distributed throughout africa the west, has virtues characterized by antiviral properties, antiinfectious and healing. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in.
Variations in seed size and shape in relation to depth of. Dichrostachys cinerea, acacia engleri, acacia spinose, cailliea dichrostachys, desmanthus leptostachys, desmanthus nutans, desmanthus trichostachys, dichrostachys. Study of pharmacological properties of the methanolic. It has the ability to colonize disturbed veld quickly and curbs erosion. Download hires image download to mspowerpoint cite this. Notes on taxonomy and nomenclature top of page the generic name dichrostachys means twocoloured spike and refers to the flowers, and the specific name cinerea is from the greek konis and latin cineres, referring to the grey hairs on the subspecies confined to india. Find the perfect dichrostachys cinerea stock photo. This plant and synonym italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below. However, the dispersal of seeds that remain intact and can potentially germinate after excretion is of particular. Permission is granted to copy, distribute andor modify this document under the terms of the gnu free documentation license, version 1. Cytotoxicity of crude extract and isolated constituents of. Phytochemical screening of leave of dichrostachys cinerea. Dichrostachys cinerea, also known as sicklebush, bell mimosa, chinese lantern tree, or kalahari christmas tree, is a fast growing tree of up to 7 m height, traditionally used as laxative, diuretic and to treat dysentery, elephantiasis, gonorrhoea, boils, headache, syphilis, sore, worms 6, 7, inflammation, and cancer. From a biosynthetic standpoint these compounds arise from a diels.
Nitrogen n fertilization influences woody plant growth, foliar nutrient and antinutrient concentrations. Dichrostachys cinerea is a nitrogenfixing legume and therefore has a positive effect on the nitrogen content of the soil. Meroterpenes from dichrostachys cinerea inhibit protein. Issn 2230 8407 research article phytochemical and antimicrobial evaluations of dichrostachys cinerea swetha vennapoosa, devareddy sandeep, k.
A large image of dichrostachys cinerea aroma from the usda plants database. Wight et arn leguminosae in isolated myometrium from pregnant rats author. Researcharticle cytotoxicity of crude extract and isolated constituents of the dichrostachys cinerea bark towards multifactorial drugresistant cancer cells armellet. The leaves are bipinnate, each pinna bearing a gland. Seed structure and germination of dichrostachys cinerea. An initial increase in moisture content caused few structural alterations in salix but in dichrostachys it resulted in considerable ray distension and massive deformation of nongelatinous fibres. Ca2526901a1 antiviral, antiinfectious and cicatrising. The occurrence of very few seeds of dichrostachys cinerea in the soil seed bank prompted the present study as to why animal browsers and seed predators should select the infructescence of this plant. Wight et arn mimosaceae hydroalcoholic extract action on the contractility of tracheal smooth muscle isolated from guineapig raissa rr aworetsamseny1, alain souza1, fidele kpahe2, kiessoun konate3, jacques y datte2 abstract background. Study of pharmacological properties of the methanolic extract of dichrostachys cinerea bark l. This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Species suited to fl climates usda hardiness zones.
Sickle bush dichrostachys cinerea in hyderabad, ap. This study aimed to bring out the scientific basis to the use of this. Fruit is an indehiscent, contorted pod containing black seeds. Sexual and vegetative regeneration of three leguminous tree. Originaly from from africa, it has been introduced to the west indies during the 19th century.
Diet quality modifies germination of dichrostachys cinerea. Mimosaceae is a shrub up to eight feet high, with branches ending in thorns. The dried powder was successively extracted using petroleum ether 4060. The species is most commonly known as the sickle bush derived from the curved shape of the pods. Irjp 20, 4 1 page 106 international research journal of pharmacy. Studies were conducted to investigate the potential of dichrostachys cinerea pods as. Wight et arn mimosaceae hydroalcoholic extract action on the contractility of tracheal smooth muscle isolated from. The legume trees dichrostachys cinerea, acacia karroo and acacia nilotica are. Mimosaceae is largely used in ethnomedically across africa, and mainly employed for the treatment of asthma in ivory coast and gabon. Common trees of the central watershed woodlands of zimbabwe. We conducted a nursery experiment to determine the effect of five n fertilization rates on dichrostachys cinerea and acacia karroo sapling height, basal diameter, growth of longest shoots and root length, crude protein cp, acid and neutral detergent fiber ndf, condensed tannins ct. Meroterpenes from dichrostachys cinerea inhibit protein farnesyl transferase activity. The bipinnately compound leaves are up to 15 centimetres 5.
Chemical composition of pods and seeds of dichrostachys. To download the original size of this image, click on the link below. Fabaceae on herbaceous species in a semiarid rangeland in zimbabwe. Effects of dichrostachys cinerea nature conservation. Dichrostachys cinerea and acacia nilotica fruits as dry. Implications for bush encroachment in a changing climate. Sikosana2 1department of agriculture, the university of reading, earley gate, po box 236, reading, rg6 6at, uk. The early on plants need to be protected from frost, but in their adult years dichrostachys cinerea can tolerate medium amounts of frost. The growth of bacteria in the presence of the extract was measured by the method of dilution in. Alder reaction between a labdane diene of the raimonol type and a flavonoid bringderived quinone. The paper analyses the relaxation induced by the methanolic extract of d. Effect of different nitrogen fertilizer application rates. Dichrostachys cinerea is a very variable and taxonomically complex species found from africa to australia. Large image for dichrostachys cinerea aroma usda plants.645 946 1279 1313 605 506 557 861 1567 1353 881 586 203 1516 1238 1003 457 1378 1107 1472 1549 1224 110 1261 1476 811 810 1466 329 30 103 1161 817 1226 176