It also recommended that separate communal electorates be retained, but only until tensions between hindus and muslims had died down. It proposed the abolition of dyarchy and the establishment of representative government in the provinces. And it was by his name, that the commission came to be known as the simon commission. Dyarchy in the provinces should be abolished and ministers should be made re. Background simon commission was a committee formed by the british government to examine the indian constitutional problems and to provide recommendations for reform. It formed the basis of government of india act 1935,but the act 1935 didn t grant dominion status as promised by simon commission. A royal commission, simon commission wanted to check the working of government of india act, 1919.
Simon commission, group appointed in november 1927 by the british conservative government to report on the working of the indian constitution established. Inferences supported by detail from the source andor contextual knowledge 45 four marks for one supported valid inference, five marks for two or more supported valid inferences e. Pakistan movement presentation linkedin slideshare. Report of the indian statutory commission hathitrust. They were sent to india in 1928 and made their recommendations. Write a newspaper report on a the jallianwala bagh massacre b the simon commission. Of the numerous protests and demonstrations, the one at lahore on 30 october. Simon commission reached at bombay on 3 rd february, 1928. Oct 25, 2011 so, for the agendaless congress, simon commission came as a blessing in disguise and they got an issue to take up effectively. Oct 25, 2011 the recommendations of the simon commission were published in may 1930. All the members of the commission were british and hence, all the parties. It also recommended that separate communal electorates be retained, but only until.
The recommendations of the simon commission were published in may 1930. Simon commission 1927 butler committee 1927 delhi muslim proposal 1927 nehru report 1928 all parties muslims conference 1929 jinnahs fourteen points 1929 lahore session 1929 allahabad address 1930 4. It was commonly referred to as the simon commission after its chairman, sir john simon. Simon commission february 1928 nehru report august, 1928 ghpdqghgrplqlrq6wdwxv congress kolkata session 1928 plan to launch noncooperation movement including nonpayment of tax, if nehru report not accepted no assurance on dominion status, instead british govt announce first.
The best thing we can do after it is to create our own historic document here. In 1927, two years earlier than necessary, a commission was set up. Jan 21, 2015 nehru report and jinnahs fourteen points 1. One of its members was clement attlee, who subsequently became. In 1930, the commission published its twovolume report, also known as the simon report. In british india, most people were hindu, or muslim. The simon commission s report is not the only document we have to consider.
The simon commission was made up of seven members of the british parliament who made recommendations about political reform in india. Simon commission, group appointed in november 1927 by the british conservative government to report on the working of the indian constitution established by the government of india act of 1919. Background introduction to simon commission 1927 main features and objectives of simon commission 1927 muslim league and congress reaction on simon commission 1927. Simon commission report background, boycott, significance. Aug 22, 2016 simon commission report 1930 the indian statutory commission was a group of seven british members of parliament that had been dispatched to india in 1928 to study constitutional reform in britains most important colonial dependency. Presented by the secretary of state for the home department to parliament by command of his majesty. Reaction against the simon commission the simon commission landed in mumbai on 3rd february, 1928. The commission was made to look into the functioning of the constitutional system in india and suggest changes. It was to report about the extent to which the act of 1919 had worked out successfully. Commission or royal commission or statutory commision popularly known as the simon commission on november 8, 1927, with sir john 19 simon as its chairman. What were the provisions of the simon commission and why did.
This allwhite commission had to report about the functioning of the constitution and recommend 20 further reforms. Simon commission in the madras presidency, 19281930. They con template the permanent retention of the present indian army under imperial control for external defence, and advise the creation of a new indian army which might be controlled by a minister for the purpose of internal order. The commission, appointed by prime minister stanley baldwin, did not include any indian delegates. The sale of goods act, 1930 governs the contracts relating to sale of goods. You are there paper letters from a british magistrate in. Simon commission report 1930 the indian statutory commission was a group of seven british members of parliament that had been dispatched to india in 1928 to study constitutional reform in britains most important colonial dependency. Jun 01, 2003 the indian political community received the simon commission report issued in june 1930 with great resentment. The round table conferences were held to consider the simon commission report and to suggest reforms to solve the constitutional problem of india. The commission published its 2volume report in may 1930. Diarchy was introduced in india by the government of india act 1919. Read about the simon commission in the article for ias exam.
Read the points below to understand the background of the simon commission. Pdf simon go back reflections of the indian press on the. In fact, the british government in 1927 announced that a commission would go through the question of granting further concessions to the indians. However, the most lucid explanation of the inner feelings of the muslim community was given by allama muhammad iqbal in his presidential address to the allindia muslim league at allahabad in 1930. But neither gandhi nor jinnah attended all of them. Accordingly, in 1927 itself the british government constituted a commission headed by sir john simon. Before the arrival of this commission all the leaders decided that in any case they all will boycott the commission. The indian political community received the simon commission report issued in june 1930 with great resentment.
The commission consisted of seven membersfour conservatives, two labourites, and one liberalunder the joint chairmanship of the distinguished liberal lawyer, sir john simon. One day before the arrival of commission viceroy lord irwin requested them to cooperate with commission but the nongovernmental people took it easy. The congress started a civil disobedience movement under gandhis command. Statutory commission on which all three political parties are represented, and of which sir john simon is the president, has submitted a unanimous report. The whole country was in turmoil because of the effects of great depression. So, for the agendaless congress, simon commission came as a blessing in disguise and they got an issue to take up effectively. It is chiefly through the medium of the indian medical service, which still contains a large british element, that this country has come into touch with medical affairs in india, and the future of that service is a matter of concern not only to those who are serving and those who contemplate the i. Here, as a mark of protest against the rowlatt act, a peacefully assembly was going on. Simon report designing buildings wiki share your construction industry knowledge. That day was observed throughout the country as a day of strikes hartals and hostile demonstration. The simon commissions report is not the only document we have to consider.
Why was simon commission sent to india and what were the. Write a newspaper report on a the jallianwala bagh massacre. The simon commissions report 5 jul 1930 the spectator. Maulana mohammed alis speech at the round table conference. The commission paid two visits to india february march 1928 and april 1929 each time it faced boycott. The pakistan movement also called tehrikepakistan, urdu. The report proposed provincial autonomy in india but rejected parliamentary responsibility at the center. Different political parties gave vent to their feelings in different ways. Sin, on one essential point, the defence of india, you have misread the proposals of the simon commission. Round table conferences the first session of the conference.
Oct 11, 2017 background introduction to simon commission 1927 main features and objectives of simon commission 1927 muslim league and congress reaction on simon commission 1927. Ffective criticism of the simon report must confine itself to the second volume in which the. Simon commission the indian statutory commission, popularly known as the simon commission after the name of its chairman sir john simon. At that time, british india belonged to great britain. History important dates helpline for icse students. Ncert solutions for class 10 social science history. One of its members was clement attlee, who subsequently. The indian press voluntarily came forward to report the weakness of the simon. The indian statutory commission, commonly referred to as the simon commission, was a. The commission arrived in british india in 1928 to study constitutional reform in britains largest and the most important possession one of its members was clement attlee, of the. The simon report was commissioned to investigate how the placing and management of contracts could improve the efficiency of the construction industry. Jan 30, 2015 simon commission the indian statutory commission, popularly known as the simon commission after the name of its chairman sir john simon. Simon commission, group appointed in november 1927 by the british conservative government under stanley baldwin to report on the working of the indian constitution established by the government of india act of 1919. The report of simon commission omitted any mention of dominion status even as a distant goal and rejected all ideas of transfer of power at the center.
In june, 1930, this commission rendered a unanimous report. The simon report the placing and management of building contracts was prepared by the simon committee, chaired by sir ernest simon. Pakistan movement simple english wikipedia, the free. Allama muhammad iqbal was a poet, philosopher and thinker who had gained countrywide fame and recognition by. The indian statutory commission, commonly referred to as the simon commission, was a group of seven english, male british members of parliament under the chairmanship of sir john simon later, 1st viscount simon. The british government constituted a statutory commission under sir john simon.
On the whole the conferences did not achieve much and the constitutional problem was not resolved. The commission arrived in british india in 1928 to study constitutional reform in britains largest and the most important possession. Appointment of the commission the government of india act of 1919 was essentially transitional in character. Indian national movement study materials exams daily. Simon commission and the nehru report in 1928, the british government further outraged people across india by appointing a sevenman committee led by sir john simon, it was an all european commission simon commission to deliberate on constitutional and political reforms for india. Liberal lawyer and politician, sir john simon, headed the indian statutory commission, or simon commission, as it is commonly called, in february 1928 to check the progress of the 1918 montaguchelmsford reforms. In 1927, the british government appointed a sevenmember commission under the chairmanship of sir john simon. It was government of india act 1919 that announced that in 10 years from 1919, a royal commission will be set up to report on the working of the act. Gk, general studies, optional notes for upsc, ias, banking, civil services. Simon commission was constituted under the leadership of sir john simon to look into the functioning of the constitutional system in india.
The commission published its 17volume report in 1930. It proposed the abolition of dyarchy and the establishment of representative government in the. Under section 84 of the said act, a statutory commission was to be appointed at the end of 10 years to determine the next stage in the realization of selfrule in india. History important dates helpline for icse students class 10. After an inquiry lasting two and ahalf years, the indian statutory commission on which all three political parties are represented, and of which sir john simon is the president, has submitted a unanimous report. The contacts for sale of goods are subject to the general principles of the law relating to contracts i.735 1301 772 405 192 197 1534 1266 1210 108 1491 109 912 909 855 277 292 1183 74 356 790 269 1191 1468 747 1296 42 513 1516 442 184 119 658 262 823 965 191 449 292 1392 1312 822 1022 811 486 541 617 853